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The proverbs: on moral lessons and summaries of stories

Many stories speak of kindness, love of work, and the dangers of being lazy.

In different parts of the world, children grow up learning these stories from their grandparents, relatives, helpers, and of course, school and church.

Children get very excited every time they hear these stories. They draw life lessons from these stories quite easily.

Good manners and proper conduct are the obvious highlights of the writer in literature, especially that read by children. The stories must be interpreted positively.

Ponder these Proverbs and take a folktale, fable, or parable as examples.

Chapter 6.10-11

Let me sleep some more!
Sure, just a little more!
And while you sleep, poverty creeps up on you like a thief and destroys you; I want him to attack you with full armor.

Popular tale: The lazy boy Juan

Once, his mother asked Juan to buy some crabs. Because he was so lazy and stupid, he told the crabs, “I’m very sleepy. I’d rather sleep here under the tree. All you crabs, just walk home to mommy.”

What can you say?

Chapter 6.12-15

Let me describe a worthless and wicked man; first, he is a constant liar; he signals his true intentions to his friends with eyes, feet and fingers. Then his heart is filled with rebellion. And he spends his time thinking about all the evil he can do, and stirring up discontent. But he will be suddenly destroyed, broken with no hope of healing.

Parable: The boy who cried wolf

Once, a boy spent his time thinking and causing discontent in his work. He thought about alarming his neighbors and playing with them. Several times he disappointed his neighbors and yelled for help. Then the neighbors tried to help him, but the boy only yelled a lie. In the end, no one came to help him when the wolf really attacked.

Chapter 6.16-19

Because there are six things that the Lord hates, no, seven:

Haughtiness
Lying
murder
plotting evil
desire to do evil
a false witness
sowing discord between brothers

Parable: The bundle of sticks

Thought: Showing kindness, not discord, brings true happiness and freedom to all.

Tips: How to Summarize Stories

1. Read the story over and over until you can remember what is happening.

Example: The Boy Who Cried Wolf

2. Know the setting, the characters, the plot (beginning, conflict, climax, resolution), the theme, and the ideas or lessons that the story presents, among others.

The setting is on the farm.

The characters are the lion and the mouse. You can include the hunters, if you portray the action in the story and write bits of dialogue.

The climax of the plot is the moment when the boy screamed for help and no one came. A real wolf attacked his flock of sheep (after his series of lies), and his neighbors no longer believed him.

3. Set a limit for your number of words (500, 250, 100). Use your own words and not the original author’s.

Be creative in your summary or retell the story.

4. Preserve the structure of the story. Maintains the point of view of the original.

Do not distort the theme of the story. Never play with the truth and the ideas that the story tells.

5. There are many ways to be creative, but be careful with story elements.

Do some research. Know the story by heart. Relate to your point in time and to your audience.

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